Spanish Sentences / How to Form a Spanish Sentence

Spanish sentences are the same as English sentences. Hold on! That’s only true sometimes. Do you know how to form a sentence in Spanish correctly? Don’t worry! We’ll go over them right now.

What are sentences?

Definition of a sentence in Spanish:

A sentence is a group of words with a subject and verb that expresses a complete thought.

What is the definition of a sentence in Spanish?

In Spanish a sentence is la oración

Una oración es un grupo de palabras con sujeto y verbo que forma un pensamiento complete. 

 Let’s start with an example of a basic Spanish sentence.

Celia dice. Celia says.

An easy way to understand grammar is with a sentence diagram. Take a look at this diagram:

But not all sentences are this simple. There are many different kinds of sentences and we can categorize them based on different criteria.

Sentence Structures

Sentence Purposes

Sentence Patterns

We might be getting ahead of ourselves today. Once you understand how to form a Spanish sentence, come back to these links to keep on discovering more about sentences.

How do I form a sentence in Spanish?

As you can see from the structures above, a sentence has a subject and a verb.

But wait!. In Spanish, you only need a verb to make a complete sentence. A verb can stand alone as a complete thought and make sense. This is not possible in English.

Here’s an example:

Veo. — ( I ) see.

No other part of speech can make a sentence alone, only a verb. That’s because the verb conjugation tells about the subject in its ending.

Easy Spanish Sentences

Here are some basic Spanish sentences for beginners to get started with.  

Entiendo. I understand. 

Viajamos. We travel. 

Hablaban. They were talking.

Did you notice these sentences are only one verb?

But wait! Aren’t sentences supposed to have a subject too? The answer is yes. We need to know where the subject is hiding.

The subject is hidden inside the verb. This is an implied subject. Meaning, the verb ending tells us the subject indirectly, with a personal pronoun.

This causes confusion often if you don’t catch the implied subject.

Sad (but true story) with a happy ending

In my first marriage, I thought my husband was expressing his love for me. I found out later he was talking about someone else. At least I found a solution to the problem. (See the tip below).

Back to the subject…

The subject is implied. Spanish grammar rules drop subjects freely. The verb ending shows the subject. That’s one reason why conjugation is so important. 

Take another look at the same sentences from above.

(Yo) entiendo. The implied subject is yo or I.

(Nosotros) viajamos. The implied subject is nosotros or we. 

(Ellos) hablaban. The implied subject is ellos or they.

Fluency Tip!

Whenever a subject is missing ask yourself ¿Qué? o ¿Quién?

Challenge: Pick a conjugated verb and name the subject. 

Assorted-colors Umbrella

Examples of Spanish Sentences

Here are some Spanish sentences to read:

Yo hago flanes de arena. 

¿Qué pasa?

Tampoco sabe aritmética.

¡Al fin salimos!

Estuvieron callados mucho rato.

El señor era un hombre como otro cualquiera.

These Spanish sentences come from the book “Celia lo que dice” by Elena Fortún. You can read more sentences in the easy-to-read stories, simply click here to see them.  

10 Spanish Sentences

I have listed examples of Spanish sentences that use specific words: ser, estar, and que. These words are very useful for adding detail about a person, place, thing, or idea. 

You can translate these Spanish sentences to practice forming sentences too!

Spanish sentences with ser

Don Casto era hijo de unos buenos labradores. Don Casto was the son of good farmers.

Esas son ideas razonables. Those ideas are reasonable.

El cura era idealista, espiritualista, de una manera soñadora. The priest was idealistic, spiritualistic, in a dreamy way.

Spanish sentences with estar

La vía estaba libre. The way was clear.

Estaba, al parecer, meditando, y nada respondía. He was, it seems, meditating, and was responding to nothing.

Sé dónde están las llaves. I know where the keys are.

Spanish sentences with que

El niño dijo que era feliz. The child said he was happy.

Tenemos una página que le ayudará en ese process. We have a page that will help you in this process.

Es un sistema dinámico que permite intercambios, debates en directo, la difusión de noticias cortas. It is a dynamic system that allows exchanges, live discussions and the dissemination of short news items.

La camisa azul me favorecía más que la blanca. The blue shirt was more flattering than the white one.

With translation, you must be careful because it is easy to make mistakes. There are big differences between English and Spanish. For example, English only has one word “to be” and Spanish has two words “ser” and “estar”. Also, the Spanish word “que” can be translated as “that”, “than”, or “which” in English.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why does the sentence not have a subject in Spanish?

Verbs are the nucleus, the heart, and the centerpiece of a sentence. Within a sentence, at a minimum, there is one subject and one verb. From the verb alone you can tell what the subject of the sentence is.

Or, in reverse, the subject tells the verb what gender and number to carry on the ending suffix. Connected verbs change based on the noun agreement rules. This is why the verb holds information about the subject even when it’s invisible.

El viento sopla. — The wind blows.
Sopla — It blows.


Let’s review what we covered on this page!

A sentence is una oración.

Una oración es un grupo de palabras con sujeto y verbo que forma un pensamiento complete. A sentence is a group of words with a subject and verb that expresses a complete thought.

You can practice forming Spanish sentences in these ways:

  • conjugating verbs
  • reading sentences in books and other reading materials
  • translating sentences
  • The easiest and my favorite way to practice forming sentences is with a diagram!

Got it? Good!

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